A loop of wire is near a long straight wire which is carrying a large current $I$, which is **decreasing**. The loop and the straight wire are in the same plane and are positioned as shown. The current induced in the loop is:
1. counter-clockwise
2. clockwise
3. zero.
<img src="./images/loop_near_wire.png" align="center" style="width: 700px";/>
Note:
* Correct Answer: A
<img src="./images/loop_outside_solenoid.png" align="left" style="width: 300px";/>
The current in an infinite solenoid with uniform magnetic field $\mathbf{B}$ inside is increasing so that the magnitude $B$ in increasing with time as $B=B_0+kt$. A small circular loop of radius $r$ is placed outside the solenoid as shown.
What is the emf around the small loop? (Assume CW is the positive direction of current flow).
1. $k\pi r^2$
2. $-k\pi r^2$
3. Zero
4. Nonzero, but need more information for value
5. Not enough information to tell if zero or non-zero
Note:
* Correct Answer: C
The current in an infinite solenoid with uniform magnetic field $\mathbf{B}$ inside is increasing so that the magnitude $B$ in increasing with time as $B=B_0+kt$. A small circular loop of radius $r$ is placed coaxially inside the solenoid as shown. Without calculating anything, determine the direction of the induced magnetic field created by the induced current in the loop, in the plane region inside the loop?
<img src="./images/loop_at_center_of_solenoid.png" align="left" style="width: 300px";/>
1. Into the screen
2. Out of the screen
3. CW
4. CCW
5. Not enough information
Note:
* Correct Answer: A
The current in an infinite solenoid with uniform magnetic field $\mathbf{B}$ inside is increasing so that the magnitude B is increasing with time as $B=B_0+kt$. A circular loop of radius $r$ is placed coaxially outside the solenoid as shown. In what direction is the induced $\mathbf{E}$ field around the loop?
<img src="./images/solenoid_w_loop_outside.png" align="left" style="width: 300px";/>
1. CW
2. CCW
3. The induced E is zero
4. Not enough information
The current in an infinite solenoid of radius $R$ with uniform magnetic field $\mathbf{B}$ inside is increasing so that the magnitude $B$ in increasing with time as $B=B_0+kt$. If I calculate $V$ along path 1 and path 2 between points A and B, do I get the same answer?
<img src="./images/V_outside_solenoid.png" align="left" style="width: 500px";/>
1. Yes
2. No
3. Need more information
Note:
* Correct Answer: B
* My explanation involves going to the case with NO solenoid, where we know that the integral from A to B is path independent, and thus the loop integral all the way around is zero. So, A to B and B to A (the other path) CANCEL each other, making A to B and A to B (other path) EQUAL each other. Thatâ€™s when the line integral IS zero. But now the line (loop) integral is NOT zero, and so those two integrals cannot still cancel.
A long solenoid of cross sectional area, $A$, creates a magnetic field, $B_0(t)$ that is spatially uniform inside and zero outside the solenoid. SO:
<img src="./images/solenoid_with_B_shown.png" align="center" style="width: 600px";/>
1. $E=\dfrac{\mu_0 I}{2 \pi r}$
2. $E=-A\dfrac{\partial B}{\partial t}\dfrac{1}{\pi r^2}$
3. $E=-A2\pi r\dfrac{\partial B}{\partial t}$
4. $E=-A \dfrac{\partial B}{\partial t}\dfrac{1}{2 \pi r}$
5. Something else
Note:
* Correct Answer: D
If the arrows represent an E field, is the rate of change in magnetic flux (perpendicular to the page) through the dashed region zero or nonzero?
<img src="./images/curly_E_1.png" align="right" style="width: 500px";/>
1. $\frac{d\Phi}{dt} = 0$
2. $\frac{d\Phi}{dt} \neq 0$
3. ???
Note:
* Correct Answer: A
* Curl E is zero everywhere except at the origin! So, if our loop enclosed the origin, we'd be in trouble!
If the arrows represent an E field (note that |E| is the same everywhere), is the rate of change in magnetic flux (perpendicular to the page) in the dashed region zero or nonzero?
<img src="./images/curly_E_2.png" align="right" style="width: 500px";/>
1. $\frac{d\Phi}{dt} = 0$
2. $\frac{d\Phi}{dt} \neq 0$
3. Need more information
Note:
* Correct Answer: B