Given the two diff. eq's : $$\dfrac{1}{X}\dfrac{d^2X}{dx^2} = C_1 \qquad \dfrac{1}{Y}\dfrac{d^2Y}{dy^2} = C_2$$ where $C_1+C_2 = 0$. Given the boundary conditions in the figure, which coordinate should be assigned to the negative constant (and thus the sinusoidal solutions)? <img src="./images/cq_cartesian_bc_3.png" align="right" style="width: 400px";/> 1. x 2. y 3. $C_1 = C_2 = 0$ here 4. It doesn't matter. 5. I don't know. Note: * CORRECT ANSWER: E * It will depend, and sometimes separation of variables will not work!
<img src="./images/cq_cartesian_bc_1.png" align="center" style="width: 600px";/>
### Exact Solutions: $$V(x,y) = \sum_{n=1}^{\infty} \dfrac{4V_0}{n\pi}\dfrac{1}{\cosh\left(\frac{n\pi}{2}\right)}\cosh\left(\frac{n\pi x}{a}\right)\sin\left(\frac{n \pi y}{a}\right)$$ ### Approximate Solutions: ### (1 term; 20 terms) <img src="./images/saddle_potential.png" align="center" style="width: 400px";/> <img src="./images/saddle_potential_20.png" align="center" style="width: 400px";/>
Given that we want to solve Laplace's equation in 2D and that we have a description for the numerical second derivative of one variable, $$f''(x) \approx \dfrac{f(x+a)-2f(x)+f(x-a)}{a^2}$$ what is the appropriate numerical partial derivative for $V(x,y)$, $\partial V/\partial x \approx$, 1. $$\left[V(x+a) - 2V(x) + V(x-a)\right]/a^2$$ 2. $$\left[V(x+a,y) - 2V(x,y) + V(x-a,y)\right]/a^2$$ 3. $$\left[V(y+a) - 2V(y) + V(y-a)\right]/a^2$$ 4. $$\left[V(x,y+a) - 2V(x,y) + V(x,y-a)\right]/a^2$$ 5. More than one is correct Note: * Correct answer: B is correct
Given that the potential at any point is given by the average of the surrounding points, $$V(x,y) \approx \dfrac{1}{4}[ V(x+a,y) + V(x,y+a)$$ $$ +V(x-a,y) + V(x,y-a)]$$ Draft the psuedocode for finding the approximate potential.
### Separation of Variables (Spherical) <img src="./images/metal_in_ext_field.jpg" align="center" style="width: 500px";/>
Given $\nabla^2 V = 0$ in Cartesian coords, we separated $V(x,y,z) = X(x)Y(y)Z(z)$. Will this approach work in spherical coordinates, i.e. can we separate $V(r,\theta,\phi) = R(r)\Theta(\theta)\Phi(\phi)$? 1. Sure. 2. Not quite - the angular components cannot be isolated, e.g., $f(r,\theta,\phi) = R(r)Y(\theta,\phi)$ 3. It won't work at all because the spherical form of Laplace's Equation has cross terms in it (see the front cover of Griffiths) Note: * CORRECT ANSWER: A